M – O

Marine Biologist

Working as marine biologist, you would be concerned with the astonishing diversity of plant and animal life in the worlds oceans. You area of study could include anything from microscopic bacteria to the largest whales. You could concentrate on a specific group of marine organisms between groups of organisms. You might work in an area such as monitoring fish stocks and developing sustainable methods of harvesting food from the sea; you might be searching for new chemicals for the pharmaceutical industry; you might be measuring the effects of dumping waste in the oceans.

You should have a keen interest in science generally, with a particular passion for the sea. You would probably be involved in research work and much of this would involve careful attention to accuracy in detail. You would be expected to communicate your results to others, some of whom may not have the same scientific background as you. You would almost certainly make extensive use of computers for obtaining, processing and storing data and would therefore need excellent IT skills.

You might wish to consider; biologist, biochemist, oceanographer, geologist, or conservationist.

If you are working in a land-based, laboratory environment you are likely to be working normal office hours. However, you might at times have to go to sea, which would involve working longer hours. Wherever you work as a marine biologist, you are very likely to get  wet some times.

Your lifestyle is likely to revolve around short-term contacts, much moving around and a lifetime of learning new skills.

Marketing Executive

Your role as a marketing executive would be to secure the best possible match between the goods or services produced by your organisation market research to find out what customers want and what they understand about the market. You might then use the results of your research to identify your own and your competitors short-comings, decide on what improvements are needed, locate the main target markets and then put forward your proposals for the next steps. Typical approach could include producing new promotional material, revamp, your image, positioning your products and upgrading your packaging. You might propose an advertising campaign, employ a public relations agency or department to enhance your public image, or introduce more effective distribution facilities. Your work might involve industrial products, consumer goods or services of the public sector.

Above all you need a commercial flare to recognized and exploit market opportunities. You should have an analytic mind, capable of assessing the essentials of each situation, with a clear understanding of your organisation and the position of its products and services within an ever changing market place. Good communication skills, both written and verbal, would be essential, together with the ability to pass on your enthusiasm to others and motivate them to meet your marketing targets. You would frequently face deadlines and would have to produce marketing briefs for senior management  or prepare for negotiations with important clients.

You might also consider; advertising executive, public relations officer, retail manager, market researcher or logistics manager.

This is a high pressure careers field, with a constant need to keep in touch with other people and to achieve deadlines and objectives. You would be expected to produce information in reports, analyse new data or travel to clients, at home and abroad, often at short notice, especially when you reach more senior levels of management.

Materials Scientist/Engineer

As a materials scientist, you would specialise in the physical and chemical properties of the materials used to manufacture products. You would be looking for the highest possible standards of performance and long-term reliability. You might, for example work aerospace industry, developing stronger and lighter alloys for air frames or high temperature alloys for engines. Pressure for reductions is pollution and noise and increases in durability  would drive your work forward. Other examples could include selecting the best combination used in domestic dishwasher. You would have to know the limitations and advantages of a variety of metal, plastic, ceramic, glass, and carbon fiber resources and you would be expected to know how the best mould extrude, shape and manufacture them. Thousand of different materials are available to deal with such problems as corrosion and rusting, high or low temperatures, vibration, bending, stretching  elasticity, resistance to chemical attack and simple daily wear and tear.

You should be interested and have reasonable ability in mathematics, physics and chemistry. You should enjoy applying scientific theory to practice, and be able to work accurately at  all times. Good communication skills, both written and verbal. You should also have a high level of computer skills. You may need good eyesight and colour vision for some aspects of the work.

You might also consider: biomedical scientist, aeronautical, chemical, civil, electrical, manufacturing or mechanical engineer, management consultant, metallurgist, industrial chemist or product designer.

In most parts of industry you would work a fairly typical nine to five week from Monday to Friday. In production or quality control , however, you may need to work a rota basis as the production line is likely to be 24- hour operation. You would need to wear protective clothing when dealing with some dangerous substances and at other times you might be required to wear anti-contamination clothing in a scrupulously clean environment.


Meteorology seeks to understand and predict the behaviour of the weather, the climate and the atmosphere in general, from the surfaces of land and sea to the edge of space. As a meteorologist  you would be a specialist in the science and study of the earth’s atmosphere and the interaction of the atmosphere with the earth itself. The Royal Meteorological Society lists 27 areas where meteorologists work and they range from weather forecasting to climatology and from horticulture to engineering.
The right person for the meteorologist career would be with a good working knowledge of maths and physics, also be highly numerate and able to cope with sophisticated computer systems and software.

Related occupations would be: physicist, oceanographer or hydrographic surveyor (all require training).

Choosing a career as a meteorologist you would have to expect to move your work base from time to time in order to broaden your experience. As the earth interacts with the atmosphere at all times, you may have to work shifts, weekends and sometimes long hours.


As a microbiologist, you would study micro-organisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses or algae, investigating their growth conditions and sources. You would also consider the impact of microbes on the environment and the relationship between microbes and other living organisms. You could work as a clinical microbiologist (working alongside hospital doctors) or as a biomedical scientist, or on the other hand choose to work in laboratories or in areas like cosmetics and oil industries.

The right person for the microbiologist career would need a strong interest in science, particularly biology. Also, he/she should be patient and persistent as some procedures need rigorous attention to detail. Communication skills are also very important, because most of the time your work needs to be explained.

Similar occupations: you might also be interested in other scientific careers such as biochemist, pharmacist, biologist, food scientist, or forensic scientist.

A microbiologist is likely to work a 37-hour week. Night work is sometimes necessary and occasionally you might have to work extra hours to meet deadlines. It is also usual that microbiologists wear protective clothing when at work.


As a midwife, you would work in the community or in healthcare settings such as hospital maternity units, providing care and support for expectant mothers both during pregnancy and throughout labour and the postnatal period. Apart from delivering babies, you would carry out clinical examinations, provide health education, help mothers and their partners prepare for their parental role and give them advice on feeding their baby.
As a midwife, you would be providing professional support and reassurance to a huge diversity of women, during some of the most emotionally intense periods in their lives. You must be kind and caring, flexible and adaptable, prepared to look after all women regardless of their class, creed, economic status, race or age. You would have to be able to react quickly and effectively and also be a good organiser and record keeper.

Similar occupations that you might also wish to consider are: nurse, nursery nurse, dietitian, doctor, health visitor, occupational therapist, physiotherapist, social worker or teacher.

A midwife would have to be prepared to work shifts, including nights, weekends and holiday periods. She would also have to respond to emergency calls and own her own transport  Midwives wear a uniform at all times when on duty.

Mining Engineer

As a mining engineer, you would design and manage systems used in the extraction of ores; as an environmental engineer, you would provide essential planning and monitoring services; as a minerals engineer, you would design and manage plants for processing the minerals into metals and salable concentrates or for recycling metals and related minerals.

The right person for the Mining Engineer career should be interested in technology and in keeping up to date with developments in the field. Choosing the career, you would need a strong interest in geology or physical geography. You should have a logical and creative approach to problem solving and skills in IT.

Related occupations are: petroleum, chemical, civil, mechanical, energy or nuclear engineer, materials scientist/metallurgist or geologist.

A mining engineer may sometimes work normal office hours in a relatively clean environment but may equally work highly irregular hours, outdoors or deep underground, in conditions that could be difficult, dirty and at times dangerous. Mining engineer cannot always live where they would ideally like.

Museum Curator

As a curator, you would usually manage a section of a large museum or art gallery (exhibition, for example, paintings/sculpture, archaeological objects, historically important documents and artefacts or furniture), and would be responsible for the acquisition, identification, display and care of the exhibits.

As a  Curator, you would have to have good organisational skills and the ability to explain and arrange exhibits.

Related occupations: archaeologist, archivist, art auctioneer, conservator, art restorer, or fine arts/antiques dealer.

As a Museum/Art Gallery Curator, you would generally work around 36 hours per week.


As a professional musician, in classical or popular music, you would play one or more instruments and/or sing. You could be a performer or composer, a teacher working from home or in a school, college or university, an administrator, publisher, record company executive, instrument manufacturer, librarian, broadcaster or journalist. Many musicians combine some of these activities, especially those who both perform and teach.
Qualities such as artistry, determination and dedication must be combined with general musicianship and technical mastery of your instrument or voice.

Related occupations that you might also consider are: teacher, music therapist, recording engineer or radio/TV producer.

Working hours for musicians can be long and irregular, with evening and weekend performances and rehearsals during the day, often linked with extensive travel to concerts or gigs.

Naval Architectist

As a Naval Architect, you would be a professional engineer responsible for the design, construction and repair of ships, boats and other marine vessels and offshore structures. You would be involved with merchant ships, passenger ferries, naval warships, offshore drilling platforms or yachts, powerboats and other recreational craft. You would have a special role in ensuring that the final product is safe, efficient and seaworthy.
Apart from the architectural aspects of ship form and layout, you must be able to use complex mathematical and physical models to ensure that your design is satisfactory technically and that it meets the relevant safety rules and standards.

A Naval Architect needs a creative, practical, inquiring and logical mind, excellent communication skills in speech and writing, mature judgement and evidence of leadership ability.

Similar occupations are: mechanical engineer, electrical/electronic engineer, civil engineer, offshore engineer, officer in the Royal or Merchant Navy, architect or systems analyst.

Achieving CEng status can mean considerable extra work in the years immediately following your degree, but this should be a good long-term investment. You may have to travel extensively as you seek to develop your career.


As a registered nurse, you would be working as part of a multi-disciplinary team providing health care in hospitals, specialist clinics and the community. You would specialise in one of four main branches:

  • In the adult branch, your main focus would be patients from age of 16 upwards.
  • As a children’s nurse, you might be looking after a very sick baby on a life support machine, a 10-year-old needing urgent surgery to repair a broken leg and a 14-year-old with a damaged liver.
  • As a mental health psychiatric nurse, you would be working with patients suffering from problems such as depression, anxiety, alcohol dependency and severe eating disorders.
  • As a learning disability nurse, you would be least likely to be working in a hospital and could spend most of your time with patients in their own homes or in residential care centers.

Choosing a career as a Nurse, you would need to be very resilient, both physically and mentally, to face the many challenges involved in caring for people who are ill or disabled. You would need to be able to inspire trust and confidence, displaying tact, sensitivity and maturity.

Related occupations that you may wish to consider are: physiotherapist, occupational therapist, radiographer, dietitian, speech and language therapist, midwife or health visitor.

A Nurse would have to work on a shift basis, including nights, weekends and public.